The Roman Empire - Visual Chronology
Territorial Expansion and Political Succession Timeline


Territorial Expansion - Animated Map
(510 BC - 530 AD)

Territorial Expansion Map Source
Territorial Labels Source

An interactive plot showing the early growth of the Roman Empire
(using the Wolfram Language):

(click the image above to open the interactive plot on Wolfram)


Timeline - Roman Emperor Succession

(Divided into Major Dynasties)

The expandable timeline below was compiled, based on the following two lists:

Prologue:
Prior to 27 BC, Rome was a republic. Regions of the empire were ruled by provincial governors answerable to and authorised by the "Senate and People of Rome". During the Roman Republic, Rome and its senate were ruled by a variety of magistrates – of whom the consuls were the most powerful. When the republic ended, the emperors roles were created (and lasted until the end, in the year 476 AD).

Roman Emperors from 27 BC - 476 AD (years in power):


The Julio-Claudian Dynasty (27 BC - 14 AD)

27 BC - 14

Augustus (Octavianus)


14 - 37

Tiberius


34 - 41

Caligula


41 - 54

Claudius


54 - 68

Nero


First Year of Four Emperors (68 AD - 69 AD)

68 - 69

Galba


69

Otho


69

Vitellius


The Flavian Dynasty (69 AD - 96 AD)

69 - 79

Vespasianus


(73) 79 - 81

Titus


81 - 96

Domitianus


The Adoptive Emperors (96 AD - 192 AD)

96 - 98

Nerva


98 - 117

Trajanus


117 - 138

Hadrianus


138 - 161

Antoninus Pius


161 - 180

Marcus Aurelius


161 - 168

Lucius Verus


(176) 180 - 192

Commodus


Second Year of Four Emperors (193 AD - 197 AD)

193

Publius Helvius Pertinax Augustus


193

Didius Iulianus


193 - 194

Pescennius Niger


(193) 195 - 197

Clodius Albinus


Severan Dynasty Part I (193 AD - 212 AD)

193 - 211

Septimus Severus


(198) 211 - 217

Caracalla


(209) 211 - 212

Geta


Macrine Dynasty (217 AD - 218 AD)

217 - 218

Macrinus I


218

Macrinus II


Severan Dynasty Part II (218 AD - 235 AD)

218 - 222

Heliogabalus


222 - 235

Alexander Severus


The Barracks Emperors (235 AD - 285 AD)

235 - 238

Maximinus Thrax


238

Gordianus I


238

Gordianus II


238

Pupienus


238

Balbinus


238 - 244

Gordianus III


244 - 249

Philippus Arabs


247 - 249

Philippus II


249 - 251

Decius


251 - 253

Trebonianus Gallus


253

Aemilianus


253 - 260

Valerianus I


(253) 260 - 268

Gallienus


(258) 260 - 268

Valerianus II


268 - 270

Claudius II Gothicus


270

Quintillus


270 - 275

Aurelianus


275 - 276

Tacitus


276

Florianus


276 - 282

Probus


282 - 283

Carus


(282) 283 - 285

Carinus


(282) 283 - 284

Numerianus


The Tetrarchy - West (285 AD - 311 AD)

285 - 305

Maximianus


(293) 305 - 306

Constantius I Chlorus


(305) 306 - 307

Severus


306 - 312

Maxentius


306 - 308

Maximianus


308 - 311

Licinius I (East from 311 - 324)


The Tetrarchy - East (284 AD - 323 AD)

284 - 305

Diocletianus


(293) 305 - 311

Galerius


(305) 311 - 313

Maximinus II (AKA Maximinus Daia)


311 - 324

Licinius I (West from 308 - 311)


House of Constantine the Great (306 AD - 364 AD)

306 - 337

Constantinus I (the Great)


317 - 326

Crispus (in Gaul)


317/337 - 340

Constantius II (Period of Reign in the Western Empire)


323/337 - 361

Constantius II (Period of Reign in the Eastern Empire)


333/337 - 350

Constans (in West)


361 - 363

Iulianus Apostata (AKA the Apostate)


363 - 364

Iovianus


House of Valentinian - West (364 AD - 395 AD)

364 - 375

Valentinianus I


375 - 383

Gratianus


383 - 388

Magnus Maximus


383 - 392

Valentinianus II


392 - 394

Eugenius


394 - 395

Theodosius (the Great)


House of Valentinian - East (364 AD - 395 AD)

364 - 378

Valens


379 - 395

Theodosius (the Great)


West Rome (395 AD - 476 AD)

395 - 423

Honorius


423 - 425

Iohannes


425 - 455

Valentinianus III


455

Petronius Maximus


455 - 456

Avitus


457 - 461

Majorianus


461 - 465

Libius Severus


465 - 467

Roman Government Suspended (Interregnum)


467 - 472

Anthemius


472

Olybrius


473

Glycerius


473 - 475

Julius Nepos


(Julius Nepos also ruled the autonomous province of Dalmatia from 475 AD until his assassination in 480 AD).


475 - 476 AD

Romulus Augustus (Augustulus)






Submitted to Professor Terence D'Altroy
The Ancient Empires - Fall 2015 - Columbia University
Created 12/12/2015 by Jacob Irwin; last update 1/4/2016

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